Enacted by the Parliament of the Republic of Ireland 21st
Whereas the Irish People is by right a free people
And whereas for seven hundred years the Irish People has never
ceased to repudiate and has repeatedly protested in arms against
And whereas English rule in this country is, and always has
been, based upon force and fraud and maintained by military
occupation against the declared will of the people.
And whereas the Irish Republic was proclaimed in Dublin on
Easter Monday, 1916, by the Irish Republican Army, acting on
behalf of the Irish People.
And whereas the Irish People is resolved to secure and maintain
its complete independence in order to promote the common weal,
to re-establish justice, to provide for future defence, to
ensure peace at home and good will with all nations, and to
constitute a national policy based upon the people's will with
equal right and equal opportunity for every citizen.
And whereas at the threshold of a new era in history the Irish
electorate has in the General Election of December, 1918, seized
the first occasion to declare by an overwhelming majority its
firm allegiance to the Irish Republic.
Now, therefore, we, the elected Representatives of the ancient
Irish People in National Parliament assembled, do, in the name
of the Irish Nation, ratify the establishment of the Irish
Republic and pledge ourselves and our people to make this
declaration effective by every means at our command.
We ordain that the elected Representatives of the Irish People
alone have power to make laws binding on the people of Ireland,
and that the Irish Parliament is the only Parliament to which
that people will give its allegiance.
We solemnly declare foreign government in Ireland to be an
invasion of our national right which we will never tolerate, and
we demand the evacuation of our country by the English Garrison.
We claim for our national independence the recognition and
support of every free nation in the world, and we proclaim that
independence to be a condition precedent to international peace
In the name of the Irish People we humbly commit our destiny to
Almighty God Who gave our fathers the courage and determination
to persevere through long centuries of a ruthless tyranny, and
strong in the justice of the cause which they have handed down
to us, we ask His Divine blessing on this the last stage of the
struggle we have pledged ourselves to carry through to freedom.
(Dail Eireann: Minutes of the Proceedings of the First
Parliament of the Republic of Ireland, 21st January 1919.)